Dramatic landscapes fill Tanzania, with vast grassy savannahs of national parks, rugged mountain ranges, tropical coastlines and three of Africa’s great lakes, including Lake Victoria. The highest mountain in Africa, Mt. Kilimanjaro rises above the northern town of Moshi, calling to 35,000 climbers each year.
The natural wonder of the Great Rift Valley, a fault line in the Earth’s crust, can be traced from Jordon through Northern Africa and Eastern African, where it splits into two and then ends in Malawi. In Tanzania, the Great Rift Valley features vast lakes, mountain ranges, the Ngorongoro Crater and volcanoes including Empakai and Lengai.
Such varied landscapes are home to outstanding wildlife, remarkable not only due to the diversity of species of animals, birds and insects but also the sheer numbers. There are over 4 million wild animals roaming freely in Tanzania, including elephants, giraffes, zebra, gazelles and wildebeest. To the west of Tanzania troops of chimpanzees are found in the forests of Gombe National Park, where Jane Goodall pioneered her behavioural research. Large populations of predators call Tanzania home, including over 2,500 lions found in the Serengeti alone, along with cheetahs, leopards and the elusive caracal. The greatest wildlife spectacle in the world occurs in the Serengeti; the Great Migration, whereby over 2 million wildebeest and other land animals move through the Serengeti following the rainfall and greener pastures. With over 38% of the land given to protected areas, Tanzania is a haven for abundant fauna.
Complementing these animals, and often living in symbiosis are species of reptiles, insects and birds. There are over one thousand species of birds, including the green tinkerbird, brown-breasted barbet, lilac-crested roller, woodland kingfisher and the red billed hornbill. Twenty-two species are endemic and only found in Tanzania such as the ashy starling, banded green sunbird, Udzungwa forest partridge and the Pemba green pigeon.
Tanzania offers unapparelled wildlife experiences and safari adventures, from game drives through the vast plains of the Serengeti and into the ancient caldera of the Ngorongoro to the quieter southern parks. At the end of your safari, there is so much more to see and do in Tanzania, from climbing the highest peak in Africa, Mt Kilimanjaro, to diving into the aqua blue seas of the Zanzibar islands.